The history of packaging dates back to the year 1035, when a Persian traveller, visiting markets in Cairo, noted that vegetables, spices and hardware were wrapped in paper for the customers after they were sold. With the passage of time, attempts were made to use the natural materials available, such as, Baskets of reeds, wooden boxes, pottery vases, woven bags etc. However, the use of card board’s paperboard cartons was first done in the 19th century.
The Michigan State University was the first to offer a degree course in “Packaging Engineering” Since then, there has been no looking back. The packaging industry boomed as more than the content, it is the ”packaging” which attracts the attention of the buyer.
There was a revolution in Packaging in the early 20th century due to several modes of packaging designed such as Bakelite closures on bottles, transparent cellophane overwraps and panels on cartons, which increased processing efficiency and improved food safety. As additional materials such as aluminium and several types of plastic were developed, they were incorporated into packages to improve performance and functionality.
Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages.
In short, Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells, in many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, and institutional, industrial, and personal use.